Why Is Legal Medicine Important for Criminology Students to Learn

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Paul. Zacchiae questions medico-legal issues. Lugd. Do. The subjects (objects) on which physicians must prepare reports and where their service is spreading. Life, health, disease, death, various injuries, the capacities of mind and body, considered physically, are, as I have said, the subjects that connect medicine to jurisprudence. If medicine, considered from his true point of view, may be called “natural science,” it follows that it must be constantly connected with the theory and practice of law, the essential object of which is to regulate man according to the principles of natural law, but the limits of the human mind do not permit him to adopt a plan of similar scope. Medicine or the art of healing or conservation requires a multifaceted knowledge, the multiple diversity of which leaves those who practice it with a superficial idea of times other than those when it is necessary. The artist takes a few steps in this career by highlighting the principles suggested by his experience, the rest is left to chance, whose step is unknown, or at most illuminated by weaknesses that doctors have called “nature”. The thread of experience does not go very far: the chain of principles often absent from medicine has been replaced, the precious “observation”, and sometimes the analogy has been strictly derived, but it seems to push the limits only for a few privileged entrepreneurial minds. Among the medical questions relating to jurisprudence, as we have seen above, there are some that give way to judicial relations, and others to political or economic relations. This view does not cover all cases in which medicine and its various fields come to the aid of the law. The essential purpose of legislation is the happiness of people, in civil life, in private life, one feels the immensity of the relationship that arises between jurisprudence and medicine.

Knowledge of law and medicine is better when it`s known together, so it`s the same in law as it is in medicine, Tiraqueau said. An axiom of common law in all centuries is to call upon experts from all fields to obtain their opinions, as the case may be. Experts in any art are to be believed (August. Barbosa); And legislators themselves have often expressed this opinion as a legal or judgmental ground. This is the law of the seven months of the state of man: by the authority of the learned Hippocrates. The trials of fire, cold water, boiling water, etc., which the ancient barbarians gave us the important name of “judgments of God”, sometimes also required the testimony of doctors. These times of superstitious delirium are unimaginable for the century in which we live; Natural light alone shows the absurdity of these practices by coarser minds and one must have all the respect due to history to convince the possibility of this delusion. Wounds, deformities, mutilations, poisons. See “wounds”, “poisons” (forensics) in this supplement.

Seventhly, the draft treaty on forensic medicine, which contains only the essentials. First, the essential purpose of medicine is healing or preservation; But the imperfection of his art often leads him to use violent means that attack the laws of nature. Beyond the beginning, the questions are as follows: exact knowledge of all parts of the human body and experience of dissection are absolutely indispensable for an expert appointed for the report. Thanks to a precise knowledge of bones, their cartilage, their ligaments, the membranes that hide or connect them, we can identify the causes and evolution of fractures, dislocations or other random lesions or within these parts. Muscles, vessels, nerves are also important to know, it is in their number and arrangement, in their volume and in their particular applications. Even more important ideas are the arrangement and volume in relation to the different intestines, their use in animal husbandry and the degree of importance of their functions; He should associate a different order with these terms, which deals with physiology; And this rational use of the various organs that make up what is called the “physiology” or body of animate bodies must be derived from positive facts or stricter analogies. Origin and progress of forensic medicine. As soon as knowledge spreads in the supervised society, its influence is reflected in the laws; Some of them originally had only barbaric prejudices against the supposed foundations for the regulation of justice and injustice, but the men who clarified their true interests believed that the sublime work of legislation could not be carried to its culmination of perfection, namely by the contribution of all knowledge.

As there are few objects in civil and private life on which the laws do not decide, the difficult task of the judge requires to be filled with dignity, with prior knowledge which, by its number, exceeds the powers of humanity. The work has been shared, and anyone can be a judge and minister of justice in the part where he is able to profess the special opinion of the magistrate, is covered by public sanction and becomes a judgment; The same precautions were taken not to expose catastrophic errors to ignorance, the law required that these man-made and truthful artists be used, and they usually had expert jurors. Chao TC. The sixth K Prathap Memorial Lecture. Forensics: changing roles for future challenges. Malaysian J Pathol. 1991;13(1):1-4. Friday. Teichmeyer institut medicinae legalis vel forensis. 4`.

Iene (This article was written by M. La Fosse, doctor of medicine of the faculty of Montpellier). The art of making relationships or relationships in the judicial system is only one part of forensic medicine, and those who are narrow-minded in it may be accused of having replaced an extensive and transcendent science by its nature and purpose, the technical practice of only one of the fields. Medical reports are defined: “a public and authentic act by which physicians and their designated ministers testify or report in a written document signed by themselves all that their art and light have made known to them by the study and study of a subject presented to them, for the purpose of enlightening the judges, to create justice itself.” The knowledge you need to demand from an expert. We must avoid the excesses of certain authors who, by describing in detail the knowledge specific to a physician designated for reports, have ended up demanding the universality of science and demanding things impossible everywhere. But to avoid exaggerations, it is always obvious that among the different areas of medicine where the practice requires the most diverse talents and knowledge, forensic medicine is the most demanding. The extreme variety of objects that need to be reported requires the need to join a mass of knowledge that can only be acquired through experience with the help of geniuses. Especially in Germany and Italy, this important branch of healing has been successfully cultivated.

The wisest and most enriched doctors have acquired knowledge through long practice and obtain all that can be acquired by studying the sciences secondary to medicine, they have laid the first foundations of forensic medicine by issuing various contracts containing thoughtful decisions of the most famous faculties.