Moral and Legal Ethics

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In addition, legal and ethical standards aim to improve the quality of life of all members of society and to ensure that they live together peacefully, without the threat of terrorism or criminal activities. Legal and ethical standards are based on laws and ideas that everyone in a given society understands. For example, if someone lives in the United States, they will become familiar with the country`s legal system and get a feel for how the American way of life works. Many people also inherit their morality from their family, community, or culture – it`s rare for someone to “seek” the morality that best suits their personal beliefs. Usually, the process is unconscious. There is a challenge here: if we inherit a ready-made answer to the question of how to live, it is possible to apply it to our lives without ever judging whether the answer is satisfactory or not. I think it`s a fascinating topic. I consider them to be interconnected but distinct concepts. Morality is the basic element of individual or collective beliefs in good/wrong in the face of situation, belief, etc. Our moral thermometer gives us an idea of where a particular moral belief falls within the threshold of acceptance: good/acceptable, morally neutral, false/unacceptable. The intensity of these feelings motivates our beliefs on a particular topic. When a moral belief is challenged, there are effects on the individual and society (from intellectual stimulation to negative factors such as moral harm, moral distress, moral detachment) that require ethical re-evaluation and ultimate action to change or reinforce that moral value. If there is sufficient social consensus on moral belief, it will usually be codified as law and become a social value.

The law must necessarily exist BEFORE ethics and morals. And this law should be written as a reflection of its scribe (its first cause) the law is the written obligation of a society, it can only be modified in a manner permitted by other laws or treaties. The law is hierarchical and generally requires respect for appointed directors. Sacred law is hierarchical, for example, the Ten Commandments are obligations written by God and should not be confused with ethics or morality. Just because something is immoral doesn`t mean it`s unethical. And just because something is unethical doesn`t mean it`s illegal. But there are consequences for everyone. Sometimes the consequences of an immoral act can be much worse than those of an illegal act.

Sometimes an unethical act can lead to professional ruin, but leave your personal life unscathed. The objective of this article is to analyze the relationship between the complementary concepts of ethics, morality and law. To some extent, these related concepts share some common features. Ethics as a discipline deals with what is morally good and bad and good or bad, while morality deals with norms and rules of good conduct in society, and law as a cognitive process regulates social life through proclaimed rules elaborated by a legitimate authority. But how are the differences or similarities between these interconnected concepts expressed? First, the main difference between law and morality is evident in the mode of expression. Morality is expressed through the behavior of the individual and his relationship to others, while the law applies to the external behavior of individuals in their relationship with each other as citizens. Morality is, in a way, an integral part of the law and of any legal system, and therefore inextricably linked to it. Second, although ethics and morality are often used interchangeably, the difference between them, as we will examine later, is more than a matter of terminology, as the terms clarify the relationship between individual values and those of the social and legal order. Finally, with regard to legal ethics, the importance of this discipline lies in the training of the conduct and professional conduct of lawyers, principles to which they must abide as members of the social and legal communities. Here is an example from our field: plagiarism.

Plagiarism is not always a copyright infringement, although copyright infringement is often plagiarism. If you ask someone to write your session work for you and present it as your own work, you have not violated anyone`s rights. But you behaved unethically. If you do this at school, you risk being expelled. If you do this in a job, you can be fired. But no one will stop you or punish you. It is unethical, but not illegal. Morality is defined as a moral code or principles of right and wrong.

Basic morality condemns murder, adultery, lying and theft. Ethics explores the idea of morality and its place in society and deals with questions of morality. The law is based on principles and regulations established in a community by an authority and applicable to its people. Imagine taking a walk in your city one evening. You arrive at an intersection with a traffic light. The pedestrian light says stop, but the whole street is empty. You wait and wait before finally deciding to cross the road. There are no cars coming, and you keep walking. Technically, what you did was illegal. But if you asked the average person if what you did was immoral, they would probably say no. Disclaimer: All of the following examples apply to the United States. Different countries have different standards and laws.

Many people find morality extremely helpful. Not everyone has the time and training to think about what kind of life they want to live, given all the different combinations of values, principles and goals. It is useful for them to have a coherent and coherent report that has been refined throughout history and can be applied in their daily lives. The law is different. It is not morality in the strict sense of the word because, at least in democratic countries, it seeks to create a private space where individuals can live according to their own ethical or moral beliefs. Instead, the law seeks to create a fundamental and enforceable standard of behavior necessary for the success of a community in which all people are treated equally. Ethics is a codified behavior applied only to a subset of society or to an individual. Unfortunately, the use of this word also applies to behaviours that, on the one hand, are not codified or in which a formal judicial system is applied. It is confusing when the term ethics is extended to all forms of good and evil. Peer groups establish and modify their code of ethics, usually it is not hierarchical. As a Future Leader, regulatory compliance is a common operational level.

You want to be above average. I struggled to figure out how to accurately represent how they relate to each other. I thought of a Venn diagram, but the circles didn`t seem to overlap quite correctly. Even this pyramid isn`t universal – and that`s because, unlike the other two, morality is a largely personal and variant thing. A smaller diamond or pyramid could replace the rectangle for many people. Similarly, the professional world has agreed on certain standards. Business ethics is part of a subgroup that covers commerce. There are other types of professional interactions. For example, those attending a parent-teacher conference attend a professional meeting. And their interactions are determined by ethics.

Both parent and teacher may tend to use colorful language (pardon the euphemism) when upset. But in a professional environment, this language is usually inappropriate. Especially when it comes to educators. Second, there may be times when obeying the law would force us to act against our ethics or morality. A physician may be required to conduct a procedure that he or she deems unethical, or a public servant may believe it is his or her duty to disclose classified information to the press.