It is technically legal for minors to possess and consume alcohol at home and in public (not on authorized premises), as there is no law prohibiting it. It is also technically legal for someone to buy alcohol and give it to minors outside the store or licensed establishments.  In Scotland, it is also illegal for those under 16 to buy liquor confectionery (e.g. chocolates).5 This is not because drinking at a young age is considered acceptable, but because alcohol consumption at home is not regulated. “All of this contributes to underage drinkers being hospitalized in an emergency, which can happen after drinking very modest amounts of alcohol by adult standards. Anyone convicted of illegally supplying alcohol to someone under the age of 18 would have a criminal record and could pay a significant fine. This applies to people who walk or work in a pub or business, parents or guardians, or anyone else. Looking for the latest news in your postal code? We`ve launched a brand new website InYourArea.co.uk keeps you up to date with what`s happening near you. It also has an app. Do you treat your teenage children to a beer or glass of wine with a meal? But how old should your child be before letting him have a drink? The legal drinking age is the minimum age at which a person can legally consume alcoholic beverages. The minimum age at which alcohol can be legally consumed may differ from the age at which it can be purchased in some countries.
These laws vary from country to country and many laws provide for exceptions or special circumstances. Most laws only apply to alcohol consumption in public places, with alcohol consumption in the home generally unregulated (an exception is the UK, which has a legal age of five for supervised consumption in private places). Some countries also have different age limits for different types of alcoholic beverages.  Most countries have a legal drinking age of 18 or 19.  Drinkaware is an alcohol education charity that says drinking alcohol at a young age can pose health risks. The gov.uk`s website states: “You can be arrested, fined or arrested by the police if you are under 18 and drink alcohol in public. In the 1970s, provincial and state policymakers in Canada and the United States switched to lower MLDAs (set at 21 in most provinces, territories and states) to coincide with the age of judicial majority – usually 18. As a result, MLDAs have been reduced in all Canadian provinces [and] in more than half of U.S. states.
In Canada, however, two provinces, Ontario (1979) and Saskatchewan (1976), rapidly increased their subsequent AOMLs from ages 18 to 19 in response to some studies showing a link between lowering the drinking age and increasing alcohol-related harms among adolescents and young adults, including increases in motor vehicle crashes and alcohol poisoning among high school students. Following the reduction of AMRs in the United States, research conducted in several states provided convincing evidence of a sharp increase in fatal and non-fatal traffic accident rates that occurred immediately after the introduction of a lower age for drinking. These scientific discoveries increased public pressure on legislators to increase MLDAs, and in response, the federal government introduced the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984, which required a reduction in highway funding for states if they did not increase their MLDA to 21. All states complied and introduced a 21-year MLDA in 1988.  In England, Scotland and Wales, it is not illegal for people between the ages of five and 17 to drink alcohol at home or in other private places. However, this does not mean that it is recommended. There are also other steps the police can take without taking the matter to court. And when youth between the ages of 15 and 17 consume alcohol, it should always be done under the direction of a parent or caregiver or in a supervised environment. (16 on site for wine or malt liquor with a meal)  “Parents and adolescents should be aware that alcohol consumption, even at the age of 15 or older, can be dangerous to health and that not drinking is the healthiest option for young people,” they say.
In the late 20th century, much of North America changed its legal drinking age (MLDA) as follows: Previously, non-Muslim foreign residents had to apply for a liquor license to purchase alcoholic beverages, but these holders were prohibited from giving drinks to others.  Some states do not allow people under the legal drinking age to stay in liquor stores or bars (usually, the difference between a bar and a restaurant is that food is only served in the latter). Contrary to popular belief, only a few states prohibit minors and young adults from consuming alcohol in private places. Although the consumption of alcohol by minors is not expressly prohibited by law, the possession of alcohol by minors is prohibited unless the minor is accompanied by a parent or guardian or the person is over 18 years of age and possesses alcohol in the course of employment. According to the Alcohol Policy Information System (APIS), “possession and consumption are closely linked, as consumption generally requires possession.” Source: Alcohol Policy Information System (IPSI) website (accessed May 21, 2010) Chapter 138: Section 34C Health risks to youth – which, by adult standards, can occur after drinking very modest amounts of alcohol – include the possibility of alcohol intoxication or involvement in violence and finding themselves in vulnerable or dangerous situations. It is illegal for under-18s to buy alcohol anywhere in the UK. Section 78 of the Children`s Act – No person shall sell, lend, give, supply, provide or offer liquor to children under 16 years of age unless there is a written order signed by the parent or guardian of the child known to that person. The police have a duty to confiscate any alcoholic beverage in the possession of a child under the age of 16 without the written consent of parents or guardians.
 In North America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 18 to 21: people under the age of 18 who consume alcohol illegally are subject to a fine or fine. “However, if you are 16 or 17 and accompanied by an adult, you can drink beer, wine or cider with a meal (but not buy it). According to a global study on school health, 40% of minors over the age of 13 drink alcohol and up to 25% buy it in stores.  2. In private premises without sale of alcohol without parental consent: Consumption of alcohol by minors is not prohibited in some states in private premises not selling alcohol, although it may be illegal for adults to give alcohol to minors in those states. Each state sets its own specific requirements for what is considered legal. Being in conflict with the law because of alcohol use could be a sign that a young person needs support. However, if children drink alcohol, it should not be until they are at least 15 years old.
7. When reporting a medical necessity due to the consumption of alcohol by a minor for another minor: In some states, a minor is not punished for consuming alcohol if he or she is found to have been drinking alcohol by reporting a medical emergency for another underage drinker. Each state sets its own specific requirements for what is considered legal. Many mothers and fathers give their teenage children a drink when they go out to eat together, but what does the law say? The consumption of alcohol in public places, with the exception of designated drinking areas, is prohibited regardless of age. Youth aged 16 and 17 who work in a licensed bar, restaurant or store may serve alcohol as long as the licensee or bar manager has approved the sale and complies with any other restrictions set out in the permit.4 The most well-known reason for the law behind the legal drinking age is the effect on the brain in adolescents. As the brain is still maturing, alcohol can have a negative effect on memory and long-term thinking. In addition, it can cause liver failure and cause hormonal imbalance in adolescents due to the constant changes and maturation of hormones during puberty.  Youth are also particularly at risk of injury when drinking alcohol, as they may not have the necessary knowledge about low-risk drinking. In fact, public health researchers found that people`s age to drink the first full serving of alcohol was significantly related to knowledge of low-risk alcohol consumption and beverage counting. Knowledge about low-risk alcohol consumption and frequency of beverage counting increased more sharply with age at first drinking in adolescence than at the end of the period.  “If you are under 18, it is illegal – if someone sells you alcohol, buys alcohol or tries to buy alcohol, if an adult buys alcohol or tries to buy alcohol so that you drink alcohol on licensed premises (such as a pub or restaurant). In Central America, the Caribbean and South America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 0 to 20 years (see table below).
In South America in particular, the legal age to purchase is 18, with two exceptions: arming yourself or a loved one with strategies and advice can help you or a loved one take small steps towards big results. 4. For medical purposes: Consumption of alcohol by minors is permitted in some states for medical purposes. Each state sets its own specific requirements for what is considered legal. There are good reasons why buying alcohol is illegal for people under the age of 18. Alcohol can be harmful to children and adolescents, with health risks such as acute alcohol poisoning, an increased risk of violence, and damage to developing organs such as the brain and liver.1,2 And the law also determines when it is illegal for people under 18 to consume alcohol. Read this guide for the full picture. Children under 18 can be arrested, fined or arrested by the police if they drink alcohol in public.